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How to Tune Guitar


If you are new to guitar and haven't yet made a single sound with it, you should walk a long path. But, as any road, it all starts with the beginning, in our case with tuning. Ideally, you want someone skilled to show you how to tune your guitar. If you don't have a guitar teacher who can show you how to do that, feel free to use our advice for tuning your guitar.



Low E

So, a regular guitar has 6 strings and is tuned to standard EADGBE tuning, low to high. Low E string is the first one you want to tune. That's the thickest string that is the closest to your face when you hold your instrument. Basically, the hardest and the most important thing when you tune an instrument is tuning the first string. Then you can easily tune the rest of them. It's a good idea to start with E because it's the thickest string that is less likely to detune.


Tune using another instrument

So, if you have a piano, you can tune it to C4. Just try to make your E string sound exactly like that C4 key on the piano.


Online tuner

Alternatively, you can find a free online tuner and tune the guitar by ear. There are tons of such programs in the Internet these days, you can use this one http://truefire.com/guitar-tuner/ orthis one http://www.gieson.com/Library/projects/utilities/tuner/ or just type "free online tuner" in Google search box and use them without registration or downloading anything. There are also programs that work with the microphone, and that's a good option is you are a newbie. Besides, you can buy a digital tuner that will show you whether you should tighten or loosen the string. If you can't access any sources of tuning, feel free to grab your phone and listen to the standard dial tone. It's an F note. Just turn the tuning key until you get the right sound. Remember that tightening makes the pitch higher and vice versa.


Tune the A string

To do that, hold the 5th fret of the tuned E string, and you'll get the sound that you need for A. Pluck the 5th-fretted low E and A string until they sound exactly the same.


Tune the D string

Use the same technique to tune a D string, particularly, hold the 5th fret of the A string and pluck them both simultaneously until there's a unison.


Tune the G string

G string sounds like 5th-fretted D string. Again, loosen or tighten it until the notes match.


Tune the B string

B string is the exception. Instead of holding the 5th fret of the previous string, you should hold the 4th fret of your G string. Don't forget that when you tune your guitar; otherwise, the last 2 strings would be tuned incorrectly.


Tune the E string

Finally, here comes the high E string. As you've probably already noticed, there are 2 E strings: high and low. Don't confuse them! So, the high E string is the last and the thinnest one in the family. To tune it, just compare it with 5th-fretted B.


  • Don't use this scheme for all guitars. It won't work for some models, so do your research first.
  • Don't pluck the strings too strong, especially high E string. This is really thin and tends to break. Keep your face away from the instrument. Safety first!



Tuning a guitar is not really that difficult. Basically, all you need to do is tune one single string, and the rest of the process will be pretty easy. Do it once, twice, and keep practicing until you are able to tune it by ear.

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