How to Say Hello in Korean
Korea is a beautiful country situated in East Asia. It is currently divided into two states: South Korea and North Korea. In the second century B. C. Korea borrowed the writing system from China, and in the fourth century A. D., it borrowed the religion - Buddhism. Korea is surrounded by the seas: Sea of Japan (East Sea) and East China Sea. It borders Russia and China and is separated from such countries as Taiwan and Japan by the seas. In 1945, after Korea lost the World War 2, it was divided into two zones of military responsibility: one of the Soviet Union, and the second one - of the USA. North Korea is known as Democratic People's Republic of Korea, and South Korea is officially the Republic of Korea.
Saying hello in Korean is not hard at all. One of the hardest things in learning Korean or Chinese is reading. The writing systems are very different. As most languages, Korean has different forms of greeting: formal, informal, semiformal, on the phone, etc. If you are to say "Hi" to your friend, or a person your age, a relative, or just a person you know, you can just say "an-nyoung". This one can also be used as a "Good Bye".
- ?? - Annyoung - [ahn-yung] - Hi or Hello (the informal style)
If you are willing to say "Hello" to someone on a street, someone you are not close with, or just an older person, you can use a semiformal greeting, which is pronounced as "an-nyoung-ha-she-yo", it means "good day":
- ????? - Annyounghasheyo - [ahn-yung-hah-say-yo] - Hello - The semiformal style.
If you are talking to your business partners or have a meeting with an employer, then you absolutely need to use formal form of greeting - "an-young-ha-shim-ni-ka":
- Anyounghashimnika - [ahn-yung-hah-sheem-nee-kah] - Hello - The formal style.
While Annyounghasheyo - ????? is considered to be more common (like American "Hello"), Anyounghashimnika is rarely used. There is another way to say Hello in Korean - when one speaks on the phone, in with case it is "yaw-bo-se-yo"
- Yawboseyo - [yaw-boh-seh-yo] - Hello - on the phone.
If you want to make your greeting a little bit more personal, then you can say not "Hello" but "Good Morning" / "Good Afternoon":
- ?? ?? - joh-eun achim - Good Morning (The Formal Style & The Semiformal Style)
- ????? - annyeonghaseyo - Good Afternoon (The Formal and The Semi-formal styles).
If you are not just greeting someone, but welcome them to your home / office or your country, then you may want to say "Welcome" instead of "Hello" / "Hi" and "Good morning" / "Good afternoon".
- ????? - hwangyong-hamnida - Welcome! (it can belong to any of the three styles: The Formal style, The Semiformal Style and The Informal one).
To master your pronunciation you need to watch some videos in Korean and listen to some audios.
Don't use these phrases before you listen to a few audios and master your pronunciation - you don't want to make a mistake and say something you don't actually mean to say. Korean can be tricky, it is very different, and mastering pronunciation may take some time.
Korea is mysterious land with a sad history. Language is as magnificent as the county itself. If you want to learn Korean language, don't wait too long. Learning Korean will help you understand this culture and its peculiarities. The language is pure and beautiful, it can be challenging to learn, but it is worth it.
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