How to Know When You Are Ovulating
Ovulation is the process when your mature egg is released from ovarian follicles into the oviduct. It's very important to know when you are ovulating to plan your pregnancy. Usually, women are ovulating 12-16 days before menstruation, right in the middle of the cycle, and it lasts approximately 24 hours. You can get pregnant if you had unprotected sex 3-4 days before your ovulation and 1 day after it. There are several methods that you can use to know when you are ovulating.
Count the days
The easiest way to define the date of your ovulation is counting the days. If you have a regular period, figure out when your menstruation will begin and count back 12 days. That's going to be an approximate date of the beginning of your ovulation. Then, count back 4 more days, and that would be the last day when it can possibly happen.
There are some symptoms that can be treated as the signs of ovulation. Usually, a healthy woman feels strong sexual desire and wants to have sex more often. Some people say that women look more attractive during ovulation. Some women notice pains and peculiar prickling sensations in the lower part of their bodies. Also, some women can see tiny blood streaks in their vaginal discharges. Visual changes of cervical mucus are also a sign of ovulation: it becomes thicker and more viscous.
Basal body temperature
You can tell you're ovulating if your basal body temperature changes. Basal body temperature is your lowest body temperature that is usually measured early in the morning right after the awakening. Use a special basal thermometer (you can buy it in any drug store) and put it into your mouth when you get out of bed.
- Many women use ovulation predictor kits to know when they are ovulating. They help detect luteinizing hormone in your body and tell when you are ovulating. This is basically a strip similar to one you use for pregnancy tests. All you need to do is pee on it and check the result according to the manufacturer's instructions.
- Besides, you can buy a reusable device for saliva test. This is a small microscope that you can use to examine your saliva and decode the results to predict your ovulation.
- Don't use your ovulation period as a method of contraception. The point is you can ovulate twice during a cycle; besides, it can swing from time to time, and you never know when it can happen to you.
- Don't brush your teeth and don't have a breakfast before you measure your basal body temperature. This thermometer shows the slightest changes in your body temperature, and you want to measure it every day at the same time to see the changes. Usually, your temperature would be slightly higher (0.4-1 degree higher) when you are ovulating.
- Don't measure basal body temperature if you had sex 3-4 hours before it, drank alcohol the day before, or have infections. These factors can change your temperature, as well as hormonal drugs, room temperature swings, etc.
- Don't rely on the "counting days" method if your period is irregular.
Obviously, none of these methods is 100% accurate. If you are looking for super accurate results, visit your doctor and take some tests. It would cost you money, but that's the only way you can have guarantees.
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