How to Do Cpr
First of all you should remember that if a person isn't breathing for more than 4 minutes the brain starts dying from the lack of oxygen. In the case that a person was brought to life during the nearest 5 or 7 minutes after the clinical death the brain damage is irreversible and the person gets severely ill. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is not only the most difficult step of the first medical aid but also the most important one. The speed of your actions may be the crucial factor that would save a person's life. That is the single possible case unlike the rest ones when you may be absolutely sure that your actions will bring the victim more use than harm though you may have no experience at all. If a person has ceased breathing and his heart is not beating there can be nothing worse than that so you may be sure that your actions won't worsen the situation. During the next 4 minutes after the heart stop there is a good chance to save the injured person while he is remaining in the state of a clinical death. To succeed you need to start doing cardiopulmonary resuscitation as soon as possible. You need to take all the necessary measures at once as there is no time to think in an emergency situation. If you see that the injured person has stopped breathing you need to check his heartbeat. If it is beating start doing the artificial lung ventilation. If you can't feel the pulse or hear his heart beating start doing the artificial lung ventilation and closed-chest cardiac massage simultaneously.
The unpleasant procedure of artificial lung ventilation may save the life of the injured person. The mouth of the injured person my be fouled with vomit, blood or water in the case of clinical death by drowning. If you have no cloth or a medical snout you will have to overcome the possible repulse.
- Bend over the body of the injured in order you will easily press your mouth against his one. The injured should be lying on his back.
- Put his head upwards.
- Clutch his nose tightly with your fingers.
- Take a deep breath in.
- Attach your mouth firmly to the mouth of the injured to create the air proof space. If is is difficult to be done because of facial wounds You may attach your mouth to the nose of the injured and cover his mouth tightly with your free hand.
- Blow the air into the mouth or nose of the injured person until you see his chest is lifting.
- Repeat these actions for 5 or 6 times each 5 seconds.
- The closed-chest cardiac massage consists of the two stages. The first step is a stroke. The second step is proximately the compression.
- Lay the injured with his back on the ground or any firm surface.
- Strike him in his chest rapidly and intensively. The stroke should be powerful enough to move the breast bone a couple of inches closer to the backbone. After that listen to the heartbeat of the injured. If the heartbeat can't be heard repeat this procedure.
- In the case you haven't managed to encourage heart beating with the strike start doing the compression procedure.
- Cover your hand with the palm of the other hand. Attached the crossed hands onto the central part of the injured person's breast bone. Press his breast bone making the rapid and short movements. The best pace is one compression per second.
- Don't cease the CPR procedures if you are not sure that the biological death has taken the injured away.
- Don't be afraid to break the ribs of the breast bone. Th breast bone is extremely hard and can't be broken with the hands. The ribs can be healed easily.
Remember that even if you have no experience at all your actions may bring a human to life.
There are a lot o the stories about the people who kept on performing CPR for longer than 40 minutes in spite of all the laws of the nature. Their efforts turned out to be quite successful later. Anyway if you get into the situation when you will have to perform a CPR make sure you do everything until the ambulance comes. Your actions may be the turning point in the fate of the victim.
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